Korea is Not Bluffing Claiming it
Has Nuclear Weapons, Says Russia
MOSCOW (RIA Novosti)
— A senior Russian parliamentarian is positive that North Korea
will conduct the tests of a "nuclear device" this June.
infantry carrier vehicles at the Rodriguez Range Complex
in South Korea during a joint demonstration. Due to the
potential North Korean threat, South Korean and American
forces have been performing various exercises testing their
ability to carry out tasks in close proximity to friendly
by Lisa Jendry / U.S. Army Photo
that are party to talks on Korea’s nuclear program have come to
"a critical point."
10, North Korea announced it had produced a nuclear weapon. "Thereby,
it declared itself a nuclear state," Konstantin Kosachev,
the head of the international affairs committee of the State Duma,
the lower house of parliament, said on Tuesday ahead of his visit
facts that prove North Korea would conduct nuclear tests soon.
Russia urged the resumption of six-party talks on Korea’s nuclear
program, which were launched in Beijing in August 2003, but came
to a deadlock after three rounds over differences between North
Korea and the United States. Russia, China, South Korea, and Japan
are the other parties to the dialogue.
U.S., Russia "is prepared to support North Korea’s peaceful
nuclear energy program that would be implemented under strict
international control," said Kosachev. The U.S., he recalled,
on the contrary was opposed to any, even peaceful, nuclear programs
for the country.
attempts to exert pressure on North Korea were counterproductive.
He described the U.S.’ proposal to submit "the North Korean
file" for consideration at the UN Security Council as a last
resort measure to be followed by imposing sanctions.
policy with respect to North Korea will not bring the result we
want," he said. It can "drive North Korea out of the
negotiating process for good."
when in Pyongyang that the State Duma delegation would discuss
issues related to the development of the North’s nuclear programs.
"Under the circumstances it is extremely important to get
North Korea engaged in the six-party talks again," said Kosachev.
The MP said that was crucial for North Korea’s relations with
its neighbors, regional stability, and global security.
Related to the North Korean Threat:
White House, State Discuss Nonproliferation Efforts
Pleased With Progress in Iraq, Explains N. Korea Steps
** Rice: North Korea
Well Aware of US, Allied Deterrent Power in Region
House, State Discuss Nonproliferation Efforts
By Jim Garamone
Korean Minister of National Defense Yoon Kwang-ung looks
at a satellite photo of North and South Korea given to him
by Secretary of Defense Donald H. Rumsfeld during a meeting
in the Pentagon. Rumsfeld and Yoon met to discuss defense
issues of mutual interest.
by James M. Bowman / DoD Photo
stressed this week that North Korea should end its isolation and
come back to the Six Party Talks as soon as possible.
spokesman Scott McClellan said the United States continues to
urge North Korea to come back to the talks. "We have a proposal
on the table," McClellan said during a White House news conference.
"All parties in the region are in agreement that that is
the only viable path for North Korea to pursue."
said North Korea has a strategic decision to make and it should
decide "to abandon its nuclear weapons program. Then it can
start to become part of the international community."
said the nuclear issue is not the only one confronting the six
nations – the United States, China, Russia, Japan, South Korea
and North Korea – involved in the talks, but it is the most important.
North Korea test-fired
a missile into the Sea of Japan on May 1. South Korean officials
said the missile was not a long-range rocket and could not carry
a nuclear warhead.
Korean Minister of Foreign Affairs Yoon Young-kwan (right)
meets with Deputy Secretary of Defense Paul Wolfowitz (foreground)
in the Pentagon on March 29, 2003. The men are discussing
a number of bilateral security issues including the threat
of North Korea’s nuclear program. South Korean Ambassador
Sung Chul Yang (center) joined in the talks.
by R.D. Ward. / DoD Archive Photo
of State Condoleezza Rice said no one should be confused about
U.S. ability to deter North Korean nuclear ambitions or gains
on the peninsula. "We have, after all, a very strong alliance
with South Korea and a very strong alliance with Japan,"
she said during a news conference. "And of course the United
States maintains significant – and I want to underline ‘significant’
– deterrent capability of all kinds in the Asia-Pacific region."
said U.S. representatives to the U.N.’s meeting on the Nonproliferation
Treaty will speak about the benefits of the treaty and that "the
vast majority of those who are party to the treaty are meeting
their obligations, but there are some that are not."
He said Steven
G. Rademaker, an assistant secretary of state, will discuss North
Korea and Iran and their noncompliance.
of weapons of mass destruction is a serious threat the world faces,
McClellan said. President Bush would like to close a loophole
in the treaty that allows for countries to "pursue nuclear
weapons under the guise of a civilian nuclear program. And that
is a concern of ours, particularly with a country like Iran,"
Pleased With Progress in Iraq,
Explains N. Korea Steps
By Jim Garamone
Bush said the Iraqi people are making good progress in creating
a democracy in the nation and said that as the democracy takes
root, more people will see the benefits.
He spoke during
a White House press conference April 28. The president also spoke
about North Korea.
are still some in Iraq who aren’t happy with democracy,"
Bush said. "They want to go back to the old days of tyranny
and darkness, torture chambers and mass graves. I believe we’re
making really good progress in Iraq, because the Iraqi people
are beginning to see the benefits of a free society."
said he was pleased with Iraqi officials’ announcing their cabinet.
He also praised the training effort coalition forces have undertaken
to form the Iraqi army and Iraqi police.
Iraqi military is being trained by our military, and they’re performing
much better than the past," Bush said. "The more secure
Iraq becomes, as a result of the hard work of Iraqi security forces,
the more confidence the people will have in the process, and the
more isolated the terrorists will become."
But Iraq still
has problems and still has terrorists willing to kill vast numbers
of people to intimidate the population and bring back the excesses
of the former regime. "We will work with the Iraqis to secure
their future," the president said.
Iraq in the midst of the Middle East is an important part of spreading
peace. It’s a region of the world where a lot of folks in the
past never thought democracy could take hold. Democracy is taking
hold. And as democracy takes hold, peace will more likely be the
he would not lay out a timetable for pulling troops from Iraq.
"All that will do is cause an enemy to adjust," he said.
"So my answer is, ‘As soon as possible.’ And as soon as possible
depends upon the Iraqis being able to fight and do the job."
said the number of U.S. troops in Iraq – now under 140,000 – is
not limiting his options elsewhere in the world. In Korea, for
example, the U.S. troop levels have dropped. But the U.S. has
made up for that by increasing other capabilities in the nation.
Korean leader) Kim Jong-il is a dangerous person," Bush said.
"He’s a man who starves his people. He’s got huge concentration
camps. And … there is concern about his capacity to deliver
a nuclear weapon. We don’t know if he can or not, but I think
it’s best when you’re dealing with a tyrant like Kim Jong-il to
assume he can."
said the best way to deal with North Korea is via diplomacy. He
said the United States tried a bilateral approach, and it didn’t
a better approach would be to include people in the neighborhood,
into a consortium to deal with him," Bush said. "It’s
particularly important to have China involved. China has got a
lot of influence in North Korea."
president isn’t relying solely on diplomacy. He said the missile
defense system could offer at least limited protection from a
North Korean strike. "We’ve got a comprehensive strategy
in dealing with him," Bush said, referring to Kim Jong-il.
Rice: North Korea Well Aware of US,
Allied Deterrent Power in Region
By David Gollust
of State Condoleezza Rice said Thursday she is sure North Korean
leaders are not confused about U.S. and South Korean military deterrent
power in the region. She spoke in Santiago, Chile, in response to
comments by a senior U.S. military analyst that North Korea may
be capable of mounting nuclear warheads on ballistic missiles.
U.S. and Korean Marines are participating in Korean Incremental
Training Program 05-1, a three- pronged exercise focused
on engineer, medical, and interoperability training between
the host nation and different services.
by Timothy E. LeMaster / DoD Photo
Ms. Rice would
not comment on the substance of the assertion about North Korea
by the head of the U.S. Defense Intelligence Agency, Navy Vice
Admiral Lowell Jacoby.
But at a news
conference after talks with Chilean President Ricardo Lagos, Ms.
Rice said she is sure the North Koreans are well aware of the
strong military deterrent of U.S. and South Korean forces, and
she urged Pyongyang to return to the six-party talks on its nuclear
a public session of the Senate Armed Services Committee Thursday,
Admiral Jacoby said the assessment of U.S. experts is that North
Korea has the capability to arm a missile with a small nuclear
intelligence chief also said U.S. analysts believe North Korea
has the ability to deploy a two-stage missile that could hit parts
of the continental United States, an assertion that drew expressions
of alarm from committee members.
in recent day have also said U.S. officials are concerned North
Korea might be preparing to test a nuclear device, and may have
shut down its Yongbyong nuclear reactor with the apparent intention
of harvesting plutonium.
In her remarks
here, when asked about the Senate testimony, Ms. Rice said the
North Koreans are doing all kinds of things and that U.S. experts
have differing assessments about their activities.
specific, she said that if North Korea engages in certain kinds
of behavior, it will only deepen its isolation.
She said she
hopes there is an understanding of that in Pyongyang, where she
said she is confident officials have no illusions about the balance
of forces in the region. "We maintain a strong deterrent
on the Korean peninsula both through our alliance with South Korea
and through American military power in the region. And I’m quite
certain the North Koreans are not confused about the military
situation on the Korean peninsula. So yes, of course we’ve all
been troubled by developments in North Korea. That’s why we have
the six-party talks. But that’s the way for the North Koreans
to end their isolation," she said.
of State said it is a fairly universal view that North Korea should
not have nuclear weapons, and that the only way for Pyongyang
to obtain the benefits it appears to want from the international
community is to negotiate an end to its program through the six-party
talks have been idle since last June, and Ms. Rice said a referral
of the issue to the U.N. Security Council remains an option.
officials believe North Korea has had a nuclear weapons capability
since early 1990’s, and may have added to its arsenal since it
expelled U.N. nuclear inspectors and withdrew from the Nuclear
Non-Proliferation Treaty in 2003.
In the six-party
talks, the United States has offered to be part of multi-lateral
security guarantees for North Korea if it verifiably and irreversibly
scrapped its weapons program.