Russian Counter-Terrorism Law Goes into Effect
Novosti) — A new law giving the authorities sweeping powers
to combat terrorism comes into effect Friday after its publication
Rossiiskaya Gazeta newspaper.
The new law
includes a raft of measures for dealing with terrorist attacks,
approves new powers for the secret services in prevention of
terrorism, and authorizes the armed forces’ involvement in
terrorism as an "ideology of violence" and the "practice
of exerting pressure on decision making" by local and
national authorities and international organizations by "intimidating
the population and (or) other forms of illegal forcible action."
activities under the new law include the organization, financing
and carrying out of terrorist attacks, as well as formation
of or involvement in illegal armed units, criminal groups or
groups organized to carry out terrorist attacks. It also bans
organizations whose "aims and actions are focused on propaganda,
justification and support of terrorism."
The law says
the armed forces can be used to "intercept planes that
are used for terrorist acts or have been hijacked by terrorists," and
to prevent terrorist acts on water. A decision to shoot down
a hijacked plane can be taken only if it does not respond to
orders transmitted by radio, refuses to follow landing orders,
or when it poses a real threat to human lives or could cause
an ecological disaster.
The new law
assigns personal responsibility for a counter-terrorist operation
to a person in charge, and prohibits any discussion of political
demands put forward by terrorists during negotiations.
is mandated by the law to provide material compensation to
individuals and organizations affected by terrorist attacks,
and to ensure legal and social protection of those involved
in the fight against terrorism.
house of parliament passed the law on February 26, the upper
house approved it on March 1, and President Vladimir Putin
signed it on March 6, 2006.