Warns Iran Failure to Cooperate with
IAEA Could Lead to More
(VOA) — Under
Secretary of State Nicholas Burns, visiting Brussels for talks with European
Union and NATO allies, warned Tehran its failure to cooperate with the
U.N. nuclear watchdog agency would lead to Iran’s further isolation.
rejected the latest U.N. Security Council resolution and President Mahmoud
Ahmadinejad says he’ll retaliate by cutting back cooperation with the International
Atomic Energy Agency.
Department’s point man on Iran, Under Secretary of State
Nicholas Burns, suggests Tehran’s reaction to stricter sanctions
is another move in
the wrong direction.
"That’s an unfortunate response from the Iranian government," he
said. "When you’re in a hole, stop digging. They’re in a
hole. That was a major repudiation of Iran the other day at the
Security Council. Fifteen countries voted sanctions for the second
time. Mandatory Chapter 7 sanctions."
"Chapter 7" of the United Nations charter
applies when the Security Council determines a threat exists
security – it requires all members to enforce the measures, which
in this case includes an embargo of all Iranian arms exports
plus financial sanctions against individuals and entities involved
in Iran’s nuclear activities.
Burns says Iran can also expect more penalties from other places
if it does not agree to negotiate an end to its nuclear program.
"We’ve seen three major European banks shut down all lending
to Iran and with this second Security Council resolution passed
on Saturday in New York its going to allow countries to take
greater measures to stop business as usual," he said. "So
I’m afraid the Iranians are in for a rough ride."
the tighter sanctions have not put the Iranian president in
a conciliatory mood – at least so far – Burns says the measures
may yet have the desired
effect on others who could influence the direction Tehran is taking.
"We’re hoping there’s going to be reconsideration by the
rational, middle of the road people in Iran that they ought to
negotiate – I don’t think President Ahmadinejad given his politics
and given his negative mentality is going to be one of those
people – but there surely are other people in Iran who would
like to see a negotiation," he said.
The man the
U.N. has tasked with reaching out to Iran is European Union
chief Javier Solana. Solana had
an hour-long phone call with Iran’s
top nuclear negotiator Ali Larijani to explain the new sanctions but also
to convey the international community’s strong desire to settle
with dialogue. Solana’s office says the two agreed to continue their conversation
in another call within the next few days.
Rejects UN Sanctions, Limits Cooperation With IAEA
Grants Visas to Ahmadinejad, Entourage, for UN Appearance
Develops New Mobile Air Defense System
Rejects UN Sanctions,
Limits Cooperation With IAEA
(VOA) Iran says
it is limiting cooperation with the United Nations nuclear agency
after the Security Council imposed new sanctions.
spokesman says Iran will reconsider when its case is returned
to the International Atomic Energy Agency.
say the additional sanctions are illegal. Iranian Foreign Minister
Manouchehr Mottaki says the new measures will not force his
country to abandon nuclear development.
approved ban all Iranian arms exports and freeze the
assets abroad of 28 Iranian individuals and institutions believed
to have ties to nuclear weapons.
The new sanctions
also set a new 60-day deadline for Iran to comply with U.N.
demands to stop enriching uranium. Failure to comply could
result in further action against Tehran.
European Union foreign policy chief Javier Solana said he hopes
to revive negotiations with Iran on its nuclear program.
States and its allies accuse Iran of trying to develop nuclear
weapons. Tehran denies the charge. Iran says its nuclear program
is for peaceful purposes.
Grants Visas to Ahmadinejad,
Entourage, for UN Appearance
(VOA) — The Bush administration said it has approved
visas for a U.N. visit by Iran’s President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
and a large contingent
Iranian officials. The Iranian leader has asked to address the U.N. Security
Council when it votes on a resolution tightening sanctions on Iran for
refusing to stop enriching uranium.
say that as the U.N. host country, the United States does
not want to be seen in any way as hindering the travel plans
of the Iranian
they say the State Department has approved visas for Mr. Ahmadinejad
and more than 70 other Iranians including diplomats, security
men and the crew of his aircraft.
President has asked to personally exercise his government’s
right of rebuttal during a final Security Council session on
a resolution increasing sanctions on Iran over its nuclear
permanent Security Council member countries have already approved
a draft of the measure and have circulated it among the council’s
10 elected members, with a vote expected in the next few days.
given no indication that it intends to bow to international
pressure and drop its uranium enrichment effort, which U.S.
officials believe is part of a covert nuclear weapons program.
But in a
talk with reporters, State Department Spokesman Sean McCormack
said the U.N. appearance would be an ideal time for Iran to
announce an end to enrichment and a return to negotiations:
have host country obligations and we are going to live up to
those host-county obligations," said Sean McCormack. "It
would also be an important moment President Ahmadinejad in
his address to the Security Council to take the opportunity
to say we are going to negotiate, we do not seek confrontation,
we seek dialogue and to accept the offer of negotiations that
has been put forth by the P Five plus One."
permanent Security Council member countries and Germany last
year offered Iran an array of incentives to end enrichment-related
actives and return to negotiations with key European countries
on its nuclear program.
new resolution would, incrementally, expand a sanctions package
the Security Council approved in December – targeting Iran’s
nuclear and missile programs.
its nuclear program is entirely peaceful and that it has a
right to all elements of a nuclear fuel cycle for a planned
network of power reactors.
McCormack said the Iranian team accompanying Mr. Ahmadinejad
to New York will include Foreign Minister Manouchehr Mottaki
and chief nuclear negotiator Ali Larajani.
years ago, Mr. Ahmadinejad has made two previous U.N. visits,
delivering Iran’s General Assembly policy speech last September
and in 2005.
say they are confident the Security Council will approve the
current draft but that the Bush administration is actively
lobbying council members with the hope the vote against Iran
will be unanimous or close to it.
Bush spoke by telephone with Indonesian President Susilo
Bambang Yudhoyono, a pivotal Muslim country now on the council.
Spokesman McCormack said Secretary Rice called the foreign
ministers of Indonesia and Qatar, another council member, over
Develops New Mobile Air Defense System
Novosti) — Iran has developed a new mobile air defense
system capable of launching simultaneously two ground-to-air
missiles, state-run television reported.
In a continuous
effort to provide adequate protection to its key military and
oil production facilities, the Islamic Republic has been seeking
to either upgrade or develop its own air defense systems or
to import advanced weapon systems from its traditional suppliers
of military equipment, including Russia.
The new Iranian
system is designed to destroy multiple air targets in all weather
with high precision, the TV report said.
experts believe that Iran has been unable so far to construct
a nationwide, integrated air defense network, and continues
to rely on point defense of key locations with surface-to-air
the low altitude radar coverage, overlapping radar network,
command and control integration, sensors, and resistance to
jamming and electronic countermeasures needed for an effective
air defense net.
has small numbers of Chinese-made SA-2 Guideline and Russian
SA-5 Gammon SAMs. Some sources claim that the country might
have as many as 25 SA-6 launchers.
recently completed the delivery of 29 TOR-M1 (SA-15 Gauntlet)
air defense missile systems to Iran under a $700 million contract
signed at the end of 2005.